The Soviet Union spent decades drawing up meticulous plans of what Britain would look like if they managed to invade.
For 40 years, spies from the USSR familiarised themselves around 100 UK cities and towns, producing extremely detailed maps showing local amenities – such as post offices, museums and parks.
The incredible collection of maps came to be known as the Red Atlas.
One of the maps lists place names in Kent and Essex phonetically, transliterated into the Polish alphabet. Other maps show major cities with area names written in the cyrillic Russian script.
Polish citizens may have found themselves living in Kentebery (Canterbury), Eszfed (Ashford), Douwe (Dover) or Saufend-on-Sji (Southend-on-Sea).
But if you were living in London, you would have gone to university on Странд (the Strand), gone for a walk along Темза (the Thames), or gone for drinks in Мейфер (Mayfair) – according to this map drawn up in 1985.
Another map of Edinburgh produced in 1983 has transliterated the names of popular areas, such as Уест-Энд (West End) and Парк Куин-Стрит-Гарденс (Queen Street Gardens).
Liverpool looks quite different in this map from 1974 – although Док Альберт (Albert Dock) is still clearly visible.
And this Soviet map of central Manchester clearly has the tram lines marked, as well as Piccadilly station.
The incredible maps can be found in The Red Atlas: How the Soviet Union Secretly Mapped the World, which has been written by John Davies and Alexander J Kent.
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The pair spent 15 years researching the maps for their book, adding that the level of detail is ‘mind-boggling – and it’s all completely correct’.
‘Knowledge is power. They believed that the whole world would be Communist, and they would be in charge. If you were in possession of one of these maps, you would have a lot of information at your hands,’ Davies told MailOnline.
He added: ‘The project was started by Stalin and it ran all the way through beyond Kruschev’s time.’
Experts are still unsure how the cartographers managed to glean so much detail, with even civil amenities such as post offices and museums marked on the map.
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However, because many of the maps leave out road names, it’s thought that aerial photos taken by Zenit satellites were a key source of information.
Davies added: ‘The quality is not what we typically associate with the Soviet Union. We know food was in short supply, the quality of paper was poor and tractor records were falsified, but these show that if you were funded by the military, you could get it right.’
The Red Atlas: How the Soviet Union Secretly Mapped the World, written by John Davies and Alexander J Kent and published by the University of Chicago Press, is on sale for £26.
BIRMINGHAM — Kevin De Bruyne believes Manchester City are entering a crucial week for their ambitions for silverware this season.
City can guarantee a place in the last-16 of the Champions League with a draw away to Serie A leaders Napoli on Wednesday.
And they can guarantee a five-point lead at the top of the Premier League going into the international break on Sunday with a victory over Arsenal in a game which finishes before Manchester United, their closest rivals, face a difficult clash away to champions Chelsea.
“We know if we go to Napoli and win then we’ll have qualified — that would be a nice position,” De Bruyne told reporters.
“Then hopefully another good one against Arsenal and put some pressure on the rest of the teams.
“It’s important just to get qualified not about thinking about what it might mean, whether we could get a rest. If we are qualified, that is done.
“We might then have to think about finishing first or whatever but we know if we get a point or win, we are qualified.”
City extended their Premier League winning streak to eight games on Saturday with a 3-2 win away to West Bromwich Albion.
They have drawn once and not been beaten this season but De Bruyne insists it is impossible for City to go all season without a defeat in the league.
“To go unbeaten? Well, it’s very hard. I don’t think it will be possible,” he said. “The level of competition is so high, in every team.
“It’s not like, with all respect, 10 or 15 years ago where you have a couple of teams that won’t win against the top teams. Now, every game is hard and you need to be mentally there.
“And with the Champions League and all the cups, there will be a game where maybe we are a little bit less and maybe lose. But as long as it keeps going, it’s good.”
Jonathan is ESPN FC’s Manchester City correspondent. Follow him on Twitter: @jonnysmiffy.
Girona ended Real Madrid‘s four-game La Liga win streak with a stunning 2-1 defeat of the defending champions on Sunday.
Isco opened the scoring for the visitors — the Spain international dancing away from two defenders in the box before curling a left-footed shot out of goalkeeper Bono’s reach.
But the hosts hit back and snatched the lead with a decisive four-minute stretch to start the second half.
Cristhian Stuani evened the scoreline in the 54th minute, when he latched onto a loose ball and fired his low shot past Kiko Casilla from inside the box.
And Portu sealed the points four minutes later, sensationally back-heeling Pablo Maffeo’s low cross to the delight of the home faithful.
The result keeps Real in a tie for third place with city rivals Atletico Madrid, eight points behind leaders Barcelona. Girona move up to 11th.
Getafe produced a superb second-half performance to come from behind and beat Real Sociedad 2-1 at the Coliseum Alfonso Perez.
The visitors took the lead after just five minutes when Adnan Januzaj picked up the ball just inside his own half and was allowed to advance unchallenged before playing a perfectly weighted ball to Mikel Oyarzabal, who fired a first-time finish into the bottom corner.
Getafe offered little going forward in the first half but were a different side after the interval and deservedly equalised after 78 minutes as Francisco Portillo’s superb pass allowed fellow substitute Angel Rodriguez to control on his chest before firing home.
And the home side secured all three points five minutes from time when Inigo Martinez brought down Rodriguez in the area and Jorge Molina scored from the spot.
Malaga defeated Celta Vigo 2-1 to claim their first league victory of the season and climb off the bottom of the table.
Malaga collected just one point from their first nine matches but took the lead in first-half injury time through Adrian Gonzalez.
Iago Aspas looked like he might have secured a point for Celta Vigo when he equalised in the 76th minute but seven minutes later Recio scored the winner from the penalty spot after Gustavo Cabral handled in the area.
Eibar fought back from two goals down to draw 2-2 with Levante.
Jose Luis Morales gave the visitors the lead in the 35th minute, and two minutes later they doubled their advantage through Enis Bardhi.
But Eibar gave themselves a lifeline six minutes after the break with a goal from Anaitz Arbilla and Charles earned the strugglers what could prove to be a very valuable point with the equaliser in the 74th minute.
MANCHESTER — Jose Mourinho has said Manchester United fans have the right to boo him and his players.
Some sections of the Old Trafford crowd booed Mourinho’s decision to replace Marcus Rashford with Anthony Martial after 70 minutes against Tottenham on Saturday.
Martial scored 11 minutes later to seal a 1-0 win, and after the match Mourinho was critical of what he saw as a lack of support for Romelu Lukaku, who went a fifth game without scoring.
But the manager said: “They pay [for] the ticket — they can do what they want.
“They can boo a player that doesn’t deserve to be booed, they can boo a player who is working like an animal, even though the game is not going in his direction.
“They can boo. They pay [for] their tickets, they can boo the manager.”
Victory over Tottenham, courtesy of Martial’s late goal, kept United five points behind neighbours Manchester City at the top of the Premier League.
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It got them back on track after Mourinho had questioned their “motivation and character” after last weekend’s defeat at Huddersfield.
Midfielder Nemanja Matic said: “We dropped points there and it was important for us to win again to show that we want to fight for the title, that we have quality. I am happy we did it.”
The result against Mauricio Pochettino’s team was United’s first win of the season against another top six side, but Matic said it was too early to call it a statement in the title race.
“It’s hard to say after 10 games that someone is going to be champion,” he said.
“In two games everything can change. I think there are five or six teams who will challenge for the title, and if I say something now I will be wrong for sure.
“You have Manchester City, us, Chelsea, Arsenal, Liverpool, Tottenham, so with five or six teams it is going to be a big fight until the end and we will see in May.
“This is only 10 games but I’m happy that we are now second position, that we are there. We have a chance, but we still have to improve.”
After facing Benfica in the Champions League at Old Trafford on Tuesday, United travel to Mourinho’s old club Chelsea on Sunday.
Paul Pogba is back training after recovering from a hamstring injury, but Mourinho is not confident that the France international will be available at Stamford Bridge.
“I have no idea, honestly,” he said. “I am not in control of his recovery process. He is not training with me. He is on individual work, and when a player is on individual work I cannot predict.
“I would expect Marcos Rojo to return after the international break because he is training with me. But Paul, I have no idea.”
Rob is ESPN FC’s Manchester United correspondent. Follow him on Twitter @RobDawsonESPN.
Egypt powerhouse Al Ahly are into their first CAF Champions League final for four years after overwhelming Tunisia’s Etoile du Sahel with a stunning semi-final second-leg showing in Alexandria on Sunday.
After suffering a 2-1 away loss, Al Ahly drew aggregate scores level just two minutes after kick-off when Ali Maaloul scored with a smart free-kick.
Walid Azarou then scored three goals in a row as Ahly constantly cut holes in the visitors’ defence in front of 40,000 spectators.
An own goal and a fine strike from Rami Rabiaa did further damage after the break, before Etoile collected two consolation goals for a 6-2 scoreline (7-4 aggregate).
Al Ahly will face Morocco’s Wydad Casablanca who claimed a 3-1 aggregate win over Algeria’s USM Alger on Saturday.
It will be an eleventh continental final for Al Ahly, who will be seeking to extend their record number of victories to nine.
The final will also be a two-legged affair, with the first instalment taking place on 27 October and the return a week later.
The winner will represent Africa at the FIFA Club World Cup UAE 2017.
Gordon Strachan bemoaned Scotland’s genetic make-up after his side lost out on a World Cup playoff on goal difference following a 2-2 draw in Slovenia.
Two set-piece goals from Roman Bezjak overturned a first-half strike from Leigh Griffiths, and Robert Snodgrass could not convert a headed half-chance in the dying seconds after he had levelled with two minutes remaining.
Bezjak’s movement allowed him a free header from a Josip Ilicic free kick and he had yards of space to slot home from 12 yards following a corner from the same player.
Strachan refused to discuss his own future after Scotland missed out on second place in Group F to Slovakia, who beat Malta 3-0. And he declared himself honoured to work with a group of players who he feels are battling against the odds.
The likes of Ikechi Anya, Griffiths, Andy Robertson, Kieran Tierney and Barry Bannan were up against bigger opponents and Strachan claimed that had taken its toll, at the Stozice Stadium in Ljubljana and elsewhere.
“Genetically we are behind,” he said. “In the last campaign we were the second smallest, apart from Spain.
“We had to pick a team to combat the height and strength at set-plays. Genetically we have to work at things, maybe we get big women and men together and see what we can do.
“But it is a problem for us because we have to fight harder for every ball and jump higher than anyone else.
“Nobody can tell me their technique, apart from one player, is better than any of ours. But physically we have a problem. We seem to be able to battle it and get through just with sheer determination and skill and work-rate. And that takes a lot out of you.”
Scotland were unbeaten in their final six qualifiers, but ultimately could not make up for an indifferent start, with a home draw against Lithuania arguably the most damaging result.
Strachan said: “Over the 90 minutes and the last year, it’s been an honour to work with these guys. At this moment it’s obviously disappointment, but my disappointment is nothing compared to the players’.
“When you see them at the end of the game, I don’t think I have seen a group of players that exhausted and disappointed.
“As I said to them, you can go away and be really proud of yourselves because you pushed yourselves to places some maybe didn’t think they could go, because we were against a physically stronger side, a side that has never conceded a goal here.
“Against a physical side, we knew set-plays would be a problem and they scored from two set-plays. We can’t change genetics and just can’t play the biggest people in Scotland.
“Technically we are fine, but our lads have got to work harder on the ball than bigger lads who are 6-foot-2 or 6-foot-3.”
The former Celtic boss added: “They have done fantastically well. It’s an honour to be their coach.
“I have been successful with other teams and, with all due respect to all those lads, and they will know who I am talking about because they are my mates now, this group is as good as anything I have worked with.
“This group do it for nothing, they come and do it for the country and their families and the fans. They are hurting badly.
“They gave it a right good shot and left nothing in the dressing room. We have just been beaten on goal difference by Slovakia, who are excellent, and that was a right good side tonight.”
Slovenia boss Srecko Katanec said: “I’d like to congratulate my boys. We were clearly the better team for the whole game.”
Scotland were denied a place in the 2018 World Cup playoffs after a 2-2 draw against Slovenia on Sunday evening that confirmed Northern Ireland’s spot.
After a tense opening period, Leigh Griffiths pounced on a ball over the top by James McArthur and the Scotland striker hammered a low shot into the net to give his side the lead on 32 minutes.
However, Slovenia got back on level terms early in the second half as a free kick was met by the head of substitute Roman Bezjak to make it 1-1.
And it was Bezjak who put his side ahead as he coolly slotted home after a corner fell to him inside the box. Darren Fletcher missed a great chance to equalise with a shot over the bar, but Robert Snodgrass did brilliantly to control a cross and level the scores with a hooked finish.
In the end, though, it was not enough as Scotland could not find a winner even after the late dismissal of Bostjan Cesar.
As a result, Slovakia moved up to second place after beating Malta 3-0 — thanks to two goals from Adam Nemec and one from Ondrej Duda — but the result may not be enough to seal a spot in the playoffs as they are currently UEFA’s worst runner-up and can only qualify if Wales or Croatia draw.
In Group F’s other game, already-qualified England gave debuts to Harry Winks and Harry Maguire and came away from Lithuania with a 1-0 win.
Harry Kane converted a penalty in the 27th minute after Dele Alli was brought down in the box. And, with Jack Butland forced to make a fine save to keep them ahead, England created little else yet rounded off the qualifying group unbeaten.
In Group E, Poland ensured their place at the World Cup with a nervy 4-2 win against Montenegro.
Poland went ahead early on with a goal from Krzysztof Maczynski in the sixth minute and Kamil Grosicki doubled the lead shortly afterwards.
But a remarkable comeback saw Stefan Mugosa and Nikola Vukcevic hit back before Robert Lewandowski struck and a Filip Stojkovic own goal made sure of all three points.
Already qualified Germany finished a dominant march to Russia with a 5-1 win against Azerbaijan.
Jogi Low’s team won all of their 10 Group C matches, scoring 43 goals in the process while conceding just four times.
Leon Goretzka opened the scoring for Germany in the eighth minute, and while the next four goals didn’t come until the second half, they came in bunches when they did.
Sandro Wagner, Antonio Rudiger and another from Goretzka came in a 12-minute flurry to start the second period, and Liverpool’s Emre Can added the fifth with the game far out of reach already for the visiting minnows.
Northern Ireland’s joy at reaching the playoffs was tempered by Chris Brunt’s wild own goal in Norway ensuring the likes of Portugal could stand between them and a place in Russia next summer.
Michael O’Neill’s players knew their place in November’s playoffs was guaranteed less than an hour before kickoff in Oslo as Scotland’s draw with Slovenia guaranteed the Northern Irish one of the playoff berths on offer.
A victory over Norway was still important if they wanted to stand a chance of being seeded for that draw, yet Brunt’s bizarre own goal 19 minutes from time, in which he hacked an attempted left-footed clearance into his net, essentially scuppered those hopes as they lost 1-0.
Michal Krmencik’s first-half double, Jan Kopic’s effort before the break and further goals from Filip Novak and Vaclav Kadlec helped Czech Republic to a 5-0 home win against San Marino.
The result had no bearing on qualification as both teams had already been eliminated before the match.
Denmark took their place in the playoffs after a 1-1 draw against Romania ensured they finished second on 20 points.
Christian Eriksen continued his fine form with a penalty and, shortly after, Cristian Ganea was handed a second yellow card. But Ciprian Deac struck with an 88th minute leveller.
In the final group game, Kazakhstan drew 1-1 with Armenia — with both sides long since out of contention for a place in the finals.
Manchester United midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan got himself on the scoresheet with a delightful chip but Bayurzhan Turysbek struck a 61st minute equaliser.
ORLANDO, Fla. — DeAndre Yedlin wants to be the U.S. soccer team’s “Energizer Bunny” and believes his time with Rafa Benitez at Newcastle has taken his game to another level.
His bursts from right-back can stretch defenses, while his pace helps him return to his defensive spot and disrupt opposing attackers. And it always surprises those who watch him play.
“Everybody tells me they don’t know how I have so much energy, and I think people feed off that, which is great,” he said this weekend ahead of Tuesday’s World Cup qualifier at Trinidad and Tobago.
The Americans would clinch their eighth-straight World Cup berth with a win and even a draw would probably suffice, due to a superior goal difference. A loss could result in a berth, elimination or a playoff next month against Australia or Syria — depending on the results of the Honduras-Mexico and Panama-Costa Rica games.
Yedlin missed last month’s home loss to Costa Rica and then a draw at Honduras that put qualification in peril. Having returned after recovering from a hamstring injury, he helped spark a 4-0 rout of Panama on Friday night that has the Americans on track to qualify.
“DeAndre did a very good job — and not necessarily in terms of his attacking prowess, marauding down that right-hand side,” said former U.S. defender Alexi Lalas. “Much more I think he’s learned to harness that energy and that speed that he has to use it to much greater effect when he’s defending.”
Yedlin left Akron during his sophomore year in January 2013 to sign with his hometown Seattle Sounders, the team for which he served as a ball boy.
He became the first rookie in eight years selected for MLS’s All-Star Game and was given his national team debut the following February by coach Jurgen Klinsmann as a 74th-minute substitute in an exhibition against South Korea.
Yedlin made another appearance two months later against Mexico, and then at age 20 was among several startling selections by Klinsmann for the 23-man World Cup roster in 2014.
“Especially being so young and not really expecting to go, it was a crazy feeling,” Yedlin said about his inclusion in the 2014 World Cup squad. “I can’t obviously thank Jurgen enough for putting his trust in me and bringing me into that, and that’s really what jump-started my career.”
During that World Cup in Brazil, Yedlin made late appearances against Portugal and Germany, then replaced an injured Fabian Johnson in the first half of the second-round extra time defeat to Belgium.
Yedlin agreed after the tournament to a $4 million transfer to Tottenham and reported to his new club in January 2015. But he got into just one match, as a late sub in a loss to Aston Villa that April. Yedlin was stuck behind England right-back Kyle Walker.
“Every day in training I tried to absorb what I can from him,” Yedlin said. “Not really in terms of just speaking with him, but just watching him, watching how he plays, watching where he is positionally, watching when he gets forward.”
Yedlin was loaned to Sunderland that September and became a regular with the Black Cats under manager Sam Allardyce.
“I’ve had to grow up pretty quick, but I’m glad that I chose to make this step to kind of move away from what I’m comfortable from,” Yedlin said.
Spurs sold him in August 2016 to Newcastle after they’d been been relegated to the Championship. The Magpies earned a promotion last spring under manager Rafa Benitez.
“It’s a very physical league. It’s a league that if you lose focus for even a little bit of time, they can punish you,” Yedlin said. “Working with Rafa has taken my game to another level.”
Yedlin made 27 league appearances but Klinsmann criticized him that October, saying he struggled in consecutive national team training camps.
A hamstring injury caused Yedlin to miss March qualifiers, the first after Arena replaced Klinsmann in November. He returned for the June games, then injured his right hamstring while making a cross in Newcastle’s July 29 friendly at Germany’s Mainz.
“Since it was the second time, we really wanted to make sure that it was 100 percent when I came back because the third time, then you have to look towards surgery,” he said.
Yedlin made his season debut on Sept. 16 and after starting three matches headed to Florida to rejoin the national team.
“He continues to grow as a player, and it’s great to get him back in,” Arena said.
So all of the brand new card designs in FIFA 18 Ultimate Team have been leaked online by Fifanomicsnet on Twitter. Some of the cards look beautiful but most players think that there are far too many in the game which is true. Still though, you can check out the full list of designs below in the video we did on our YouTube channel.
If you’ve been playing FUT for quite a long time then you can probably guess most of them from start to finish. There will be World Cup cards at the end of the game as well in the summer so they will be cool to look out for closer to the time.
Let us know what you think using the comments box at the footer of this page in regards to which cards are your favourite and if you think there are far too many in FUT.
So here we have a really cheap and overpowered EPL starter team for FIFA 18 Ultimate Team that will help you get started and be able to compete with the best as soon as the game is out. This squad builder can be put together for around 6,000 coins so it’s really affordable and you can watch the full video guide below to learn more.
Obviously the first thing i talk about is the players as i add them into the squad one at a time and i have gone for the standard 4-4-2 flat formation for the purposes of the video. This team has played 10 times and i have only lost once! I even won the daily knockout tournament with it at the first time of asking.
The biggest investments in the squad are the left-back and the two strikers up top but all can be afforded if you have around 6K to 7K coins. After i have spoken about the team i then test them out in a competitive online seasons match against a real online player.
I usually only do these games if they are Division 1 quality but as it’s the start of the game i has to go into a Div 10 match. Jermaine Defoe is by far the most OP as he has 8 goals in 18 matches and Benteke the partner up front has an insanely high amount of assists setting the AFC Bournemouth striker up.
Sead Kolašinac was a worthy investment too as he possesses 89 physical stats that are unmatched with any other LB in the Premier League. We will have more squad builders up on the website throughout the year so make sure to sub to our YouTube channel to stay right up to date.
Let us know in the comments box if you have copied this squad and how well it has performed for you at the beginning of FIFA 18.